Air Filters Put in Garbage Air Filters Go in the Trash Air filters contain fiberglass, which cannot be recycled. Throw them in the trash. Ways to Reduce Switch to Reusable Filters Switch to a reusable filter that can last for years. You will save money and only need to wash it a few times a year. Did You Know? Air Filters Affect Your Home’s Energy Efficiency Leaving clogged air filters in your home can make your heating and air conditioning less efficient. How often they need to be replaced varies with filter quality, furnace use and the specific needs of your home. A good rule of thumb is to check your filter once a month and change it when it looks dirty. Your air will be cleaner and you’ll save money on your energy bill, too.